Adverse effects of drugs are a constant source of medical problems but also of professional and legal confrontations. More than a quarter of all malpractice suits brought against physicians or other health professionals revolve around drug injury; for drug manufacturers, civil cases brought by patients are growing problem. Where conflicts do not reach the courts they are often the subject of settlements or of decisions taken by professional disciplinary councils. Uniguely, this book analysis and documents the responsibilities which all parties bear in law and ethics to render drug treatment as safe as it can be, and the liability whidh arises when injury is siffered. Special attention is devoted to the apportionment of liability, where faults may have been made by more than one party, and to the establishment of facts in a field where the evidence is likely to be heavily challenged. The pproach is global, since drugs, their makers and their users are much the same across the world; what is more systems of law and ethics have borrowed solutions from one another, while in some parts of the world - notably in consultations between the United States, Europe and Japan, medicinal policies and regulations are fast being harmonized. Contents: Six chapters in the book document the general medical and legal background to drug safety and injury; seven set out the duties and liability of the parties concerned ranging from health professionals through governments and institutions to the patient himself. Eight chapters provide in-depth guidance on special issues including drug injury to the unborn child, vaccines, liability in alternative medicine and existing compensation schemes.
As the manufacture of flour confectionery has developed from a craft, reliant on the skills of its workers, to a mechanised industry, it has become necessary to understand the principles underlying the processes involved. This book provides up to date information on the nature of raw materials, the types of equipment available and the changes which occur during processing. An objective approach to the description of products is outlined and recipes are given as possible starting points. Factors affecting the decisions of managers and technologists during development work and methods of controlling processing operations are also discussed. The subject is approached from a problem solving viewpoint, and there is a useful guide to the troubleshooting of many problems commonly encountered in the industry. The book is written for food scientists and technologists in the flour confectionery manufacturing industry. It will also be an essential source of reference for the industry's ingredient suppliers and equipment manufacturers, and for those working or studying in academic and research institutions.
One of the most powerful tools available to an organization is its ability to create, maintain, and share knowledge and information vital to the success of the organization. From Manufacture to Mindfacture: A Relational Viable Systems Theory explores the concept of the organizational structure through the lens of the viable systems approach. Focusing particularly on human interaction and collaboration within a business setting, this research-based publication is ideally designed for use by business managers, social theorists, upper-level students, and researchers.
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